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Curriculum Design & Instruction To Teach An Introduction To Data Processing

Curriculum Design & Instruction To Teach An Introduction To Data Processing

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Curriculum Design and Instruction To Teach

Introduction To Data Processing: Fundamental

Principles and Practice of Data Processing:

Author: Charles Hayes:

Special Features Include:

Phases For Conducting a Needs Assessment:
Curriculum Design Supplement:
|a|. Subject-Questions-Answers:
Curriculum Design Plan:
Curriculum Design Goals:
Curriculum Design Objectives:
Instructional Goals:
Instructional Objectives:
Instructional Activities:
Instructional Evaluation Techniques:
Lesson Plans:
Standard Vocabulary:
Key Word/Phrases:
Learning Objectives:
A Limited Glimpse:

Topics Include:

* Introduction:
* Fundamental Principles & Practice

Of Data Processing

I. Why Study Business Data Processing?

The Social Implications:

A. Opportunity and Dilemma:

B. Reactions to the Computer:

1. The Enthusiastic View:

2. The Pessimistic View:

3. The Rational View:

C. The Power of the Computer:

D. The Issue of Automation:

E. Protecting Personal Privacy:

F. The Users of Computer Systems, Business

Data Processing:

G. The Manager and the Computer:

H. Resolution of the Dilemma:

I. The Knowledge Worker:

J. The World of the Business Data

Processing Professional:

1. Computer Operators:

2. Application Programmers:

3. System Analysts:

4. System Programmers:

5. Data Base Administrators:

6. Directors of Business Data Processing:

K. The Computer Industry:

L. The Joys of Data Processing:

M. The Challenge: Toward a Positive Future:

* Fundamental Principles & Practice

Of Data Processing

II. What Is Business Data processing?

The Conceptual Framework:

A Simple Calculation:

B. The Account-Balancing Problem:

1. Input/Output (I/O).

2. The Concept of the Flowchart:

C. Logical Computations:

D. The Commission Problem:

1. Alternate Flowcharts.

E. More About Flowcharts:

1. How to Construct a Flowchart:

2. More About Assignment Statements:

3. The Dynamics of Flowcharts:

F. Concepts of Data Processing Systems:

1. The Structure of Data:

2. Differences Between Data and Information:

3. Other Basic Business Data Processing


4. Economic Benefits of Data processing

and Information Systems:

5. Balancing Costs and Benefits:
* Fundamental Principles & Practice Of

Data Processing

III. Computer-Based Information

Systems In Action:

A. The Pyramid of Business Information Systems:

B. Transaction Processing Systems:

1. Accounting and Recordkeeping:

2. Airline Reservation Systems:

3. Airline Reservation Systems Compared

to Accounting and Recordkeeping:

C. Operational Planning and Control:

1. Electronic Retailing:

D. Management Information Systems For

Strategic and Policy Planning:

1. A Corporation "War Room":

E. Systems to Support Quantitative Decision


1. Decision Making With Time-Sharing:

F. The Electronic Office:

1. Preparing a Letter:

2. Preparing and Internal Office Memo

and a Financial Report:

3. Graphic Capability and Photo Compostion:

4. The Importance Of The office and Minicomputers:

G. Scientific and Engineering Computing:

H. Automation:

I. Communication Control:

J. Electronic Funds Transfer Systems (EFTS).

K. Personal Computing:

1. Home Computing:

2. Special Purpose Home Computers:

3. Computers As A Hobby:

IV. Overview Of Computer Hardware and Software:
* Fundamental Principles & Practice Of

Data Processing

A. Early History Of Computing:

1. Music Machines Compared With

Computing Machines:

B. Early Business Data Processing Systems:

1. The Rise and Fall of Punched Card Systems:

C. Computing Instruments:

D. The Classical Computer:

1. Binary Representaion of Data:

2. Organization of Classical Computers:

3. Functions of the Arithmetic/Logic Unit:

4. Functions of Main Storage or Memory Unit.

5. Functions of Control Unit:

E. Computer Systems:

1. Generations of Computers:

2. Performance of Computer Systems:

3. Magnetic Tape and Disk Devices:

4. Computer Costs:

F. Data Communication:

G. Organization of Modern Computer Systems:

1. Centralized And Distributed Data

Processing Systems:

H. Programming and Software:

1. Programming Languages:

2. Software Development:
* Fundamental Principles & Practice

Of Data Processing

V. Mini and Microcomputers:

A. The Acquisition of a Microcomputer:

A Case Study:

1. A Visit To A Computer Store:

2. The Central Processing Unit (CPU):

3. Video Displays/Terminals:

4. Printers.

5. Auxiliary Storage:

6. Computer Systems:

7. Man-machine Dialogs:

8. The Acquisition Decision:

9. The Issue of Application Programs:

10. Economic Analysis:

B. Intelligent Terminals and Distributed Systems:

C. Programmable Calculators:
* The World Of Systems:

VI. Business Data Processing and Management

Information Systems:

A. The Systems Approach:

1. Characteristics of The Systems Approach:

2. Cost/Benefit Analysis:

3. Advantages of the Systems Approach:

B. A Typical Manufacturing Accounting System:

1. Nine Subsystems of a Typical Manufacturing

Accounting System:

C. Order Entry and Invoicing/Billing Subsystem:

D. Distributed Data Process:

1. Shortcomings of Centralized Data Processing:

2. Low Level Of Distribution:

3. Intermediate Level Of Distribution:

4. High Level Of Distribution:

5. Approach to Implementation:

E. Impact of Systems Approach On Business Data


F. Management Information Systems:

1. Managerial Orientation:

G. Operational Characteristics Of MIS:

1. Limitations of MIS:

2. Management Misinformation Systems:

3. Six False Beliefs:

H. Decision Support Systems:

1. Quantitative Techniques Of Mangerial

Decision Making:
* The World Of Systems:

VII. System Analysis and Design:

Principles and Tools:

A. System Flowcharts:

1. Why System Flowcharts Are Used:

2. Hierarchical Structures and Top-Down


B. How To Analyze and Design A Data

Processing System:

C. Flowcharting Techniques:

1. Standard Flowchart Symbols:

2. Flowcharting Work Sheet.

3. "Blowing Up" A Flowchart:

D. A Case Study: Invoice Preparation:

1. Hierarchy Plus Input-Process-Output (HIPO).

2. Flowcharts For Processing Invoices Manually:

3. Direct(random)-Access Approach:

4. Sequential-Processing Approach:

5. Data Entry for Sequential Processing:

6. Layout Charts and Grid Charts:

E. Decision Tables:

1. When Is A Leap Year?

2. How To Fill Out Ticket Orders:

3. Advantges and Disadvantages of Decison

* The World Of Systems:

VIII. The Acquisition Of A Computer

System: A Case Study:

A. The Marshall Corporation:

1. Sidney H. Marshall, Chairman of

the Board and President:

2. Nelson K. Horn, Vice President,


3. Merv Marks, Vice President, Administration:

4. Albert Reed, Director of Systems and Procedures:

5. Malcolm A. Stocker, Vice President,


6. Robert Anderson, Vice President, Marketing.

B. The Feasibility Study:

C. First Meeting of The Study Team:

1. Cost Estimates:

2. Intangibles.

3. Executive Briefing:

4. Second Executive Briefing:

D. System Design:

1. Executive Briefing:

E. System Justification:

1. Executive Briefing:

F. System Design:

1. Executive Briefing:

G. System Implementaion and Operation:

1. Management Functions:

2. Controlling Data Processing Operations:

3. User Conversion and Resistance to Change:

4. Parallel Operation:

5. Executive Briefing:

H. System Maintenance and Modification:

1. Executive Briefing:

I. Postscript:
* Techniques and Technology:

IX. Data Representation:

A. Number Systems:

B. The Binary Number System:

1. Converting A Decimal Into A Binary Number:

2. Advantages and Disadvantages of The Binary

Number System:

3. The Hexadecimal Number System:

C. Binary Coded Decimal Systems:

1. The 4-Bit BCD System:

2. The 8-Bit EBCDIC System:

3. The ASCII System. Parity Check:
* Techniques and Technology:

X. Input/Output and Communications:

A. Overview of Input/Output and Peripherals:

B. Punched Cards:

1. The Card Reader:

2. The Card Punch:

3. Multifunction Card Machine (MFCM):

4. The IBM 96-Column Card:

5. Advantages and Disadvantages of

Punched Cards:

C. Punched Paper Tape:

1. Punched Paper-Tape Coding:

2. Input/Output Equipment:

3. Advantages and Disadvantages of Punched

Paper Tape:

D. Magnetic Ink Character Recognition (MICR):

1. Advantages and Disadvantages of MICR:

E. Optical Character Recognition (OCR):

1. Advantages and Disadvantages of OCR:

F. High-Speed Printers:

1. Impact Printers:

2. Laser Electrophotographic Printer:

G. Online Terminals:

H. Computer Output to Microfilm (COM):

1. Advantages and Disadvantages of COM:

I. Data Communications:

1. Data Sets Or Modems:

2. Multiplexing.

3. Data Concentration and Network Processing:

4. Dataphone and Voice Response:

5. Other Communication Equipment:

6. Communication Facilities:

7. How To choose A Communication Service:
* Techniques and Technology:

XI. Magnetic Media and Processing:

A. Magnetic Tapes:

1. Magnetic Tape Coding:

2. Blocking Records, and Example:

3. Magnetic Tape Equipment:

4. Cassette and Cartridge Decks:

5. Advantages and Disadvantages of

Magnetic Tape:

B. Magnetic Drums:

1. Advantages and Disadvantages of Magnetic


C. Magnetic Disks:

1. Advantages and Disadvantages of

Magnetic Disks:

D. Magnetic Bubble Memory:

E. Mass Storage Devices:

1. Magnetic Cards and Strips:

2. Automated Tape Libraries:

3. Combining Tapes and Disks:

F. Sequential Access Method:

1. Information Retrieval:

2. Updating a Master File:

3. Merging Two Files:

4. Advantages and Disadvantages of

Sequential Access Method:

G. Indexed Sequential Access Method:

1. Advantages and Disadvantages of Indexed

Sequential Access Method (ISAM):

H. Direct-Access Methods:

1. Advantages and Disadvantages of

Direct-Access Methods:
* Techniques and Technology:

XII. The Central Processing Unit

and Computer Systems:

A. The Central Processing Unit (CPU):

B. The Internal Storage/Memory Unit (RAM):

1. Magnetic Cores:

2. Semiconductor Memory Devices (RAM):

3. Virtual Memory and Storage Hierarchies:

C. The Arithmetic/Logic Unit:

D. The Control Unit:

E. Interruptripheral Operations:

1. Buffer Storage:

2. Channels:

F. Microprogramming:

1. Hardware versus Software:

G. Distributed Computer Systems:

H. The IBM 8100 Computer System:

I. Future Hardware Systems:
* Techniques and Technology:

XIII. Programming and Sofware:

A. Programming Practices and Environment:

B. The Programming Cycle:

1. Testing and Debugging:

2. Online Programming:

3. Documentation:

4. System Operation and Maintenance:

C. Productivity and Economics of


D. The Human Side Of Programming:

1. Chief Programmer Teams:

2. Advantages and Disadvantages of Structured


E. Procedure-Oriented Languages:


1. Advantages and Disadvantages of FORTRARN.


1. Advantages and Disadvantages Of COBOL:


1. Advantages and Disadvantages of


2. The Commission Calculation in PL/1.


1. Advantages and Disadvantages of APL:

J. Compilers:

1. Report Program Generator (RPG):

2. The Commision Calclation In RPG:

3. Advantages and Disadvantages of RPG:

K. Assembler Language Programming:

1. Macro Instruction:

2. Assemblers:

* Advantages and Disadvantages of Assembler

Language Programming:

* GoTo-Less Programming. Advantages

of Structured Programs:

L. How To Choose A Programming Language:

M. Operating Systems:

1. The Operator and The Operating System:

2. Stacked-Job Processing:

3. Multiprogramming.

4. Input/Output Control Systems (OCS):

5. The Linkage Editor:

6. Other Functions Of The Operating System:

7. Software Packages:
* Techniques and Technology:

XIV. Data Base Management:

A. Data Versus Processing:

1. Process Orientation:

2. The Traditional Approach:

3. Data Base Orientation:

4. The System Approach:

B. Logical Data Organization:

1. Tree Structures:

2. Schemas and Subschemas:

C. Data Organization:

1. Data Sets:

2. Network Structures:

D. Data Base Management Systems:

1. Characteristics Of Data Base Management


2. Self-Contained DBMS:

3. Forms-Controlled DBMS:

4. Language-Embedded DBMS:

E. Security and Privacy Control:

1. Preventive Measures:

2. Minimizing Damage:

3. Recovery Procedure:

F. Implications of Data Base Management


1. Technical Advantages:

2. Managerial Implications:

3. Management Information Systems:

4. Costs and Disadvantages:


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